Jakarta, wapresri.go.id – Executive Secretary of the Steering Committee for National Bureaucratic Reform (SE KPRBN) Eko Prasojo and his staff had an audience with Vice President (VP) K.H. Ma’ruf Amin as the Chair of the KPRBN at the Vice President’s Official Residence, Jalan Diponegoro Number 2, Central Jakarta, Tuesday (13/09/2022). On this occasion, SE KPRBN reported on the priority agendas for the acceleration of bureaucratic reform in 2022.

Starting the report, SE KPRBN explained that bureaucratic reform was a tool for accelerating the president’s work priorities and national development with the vision of realizing an advanced Indonesia that was sovereign, independent, and with a mutual-cooperation personality. Bureaucratic reform itself was one of the work priorities to create a clean, accountable, and capable bureaucracy, as well as excellent public services.

In 2022, KPRBN carried out at least 5 (five) priority agendas, namely Development of the Government Performance Accountability System (Collaborative Working Arrangement for Poverty Reduction), Acceleration of Public Service Malls (MPP) and Digital MPP, Improvement of Bureaucratic Reform in the Regions, Simplification of Bureaucracy, and Implementation of Electronic-Based Government System.

The first agenda, which was the Development of a Government Performance Accountability System (Collaborative Working Arrangement for Poverty Reduction) was a thematic bureaucratic reform effort, especially for the alleviation of extreme poverty. The target was to create a replication model of the Government Performance Accountability System (SAKP) for eradicating extreme poverty and other priority issues.

In this regard, KPRBN together with the Ministry of Administrative Reform and Bureaucratic Reform (PAN-RB) was currently piloting poverty alleviation in 9 (nine) regions, namely: West Java Province, Bandung City, Sumedang City, East Java Province, City of Malang, Banyuwangi Regency, D.I. Yogyakarta Province, Yogyakarta City, and Kulon Progo Regency. These areas were selected as pilot projects because they had high criteria for the index value of bureaucratic reform but also high poverty rates.

Furthermore, SE KPRBN reported the second agenda, namely the Acceleration of MPP and Digital MPP, which aimed to achieve 100 percent MPP development by 2024. The current target was the redesign of the manual MPP and digital MPP as a strategy to accelerate MPP development and digital MPP transformation.

Reported by SE KPRBN, as of September 2022, as many as 67 MPPs had been built with details in Sumatra (11 MPP), Java (37 MPP), Kalimantan (6 MPP), Sulawesi (11 MPP), and Bali (3 MPP). The two MPPs which were selected to be pilots for the KPRBN model were West Java Province, which was preparing a Virtual MPP, and Bali Province (Badung Regency) for the manufacture of a digital MPP model.

The third agenda was the Improvement of Bureaucratic Reform in the Regions. According to SE KPRBN, the third agenda was directed at encouraging bureaucratic reform in the regions because in 2021, out of 514 regencies/cities, the average achievement of the bureaucratic reform index was in the CC/C category and only 1 province had a bureaucratic reform score with category A. In addition, KPRBN found that bureaucratic reform in the regions tended to only fulfill documents for index purposes.

Regarding the implementation of bureaucratic reform in the regions, KPRBN had conducted a case study in West Java Province, specifically targeting areas that had a low bureaucratic reform index, namely Cirebon Regency, West Bandung Regency, and Kuningan Regency.

From the results of the study, KPRBN suggested the need of forming a Strategic Transformation Unit (STU) such as in West Java Province as a manager of bureaucratic reform. Then, thematic bureaucratic reforms such as poverty alleviation were also needed. It integrated the change process with the guidance and supervision carried out by the governor as the representative of the central government (WPP).

Based on the results of the study, KPRBN would design and replicate the STU for bureaucratic reform that focuses on thematic issues of development to be piloted on a provincial pilot model as a regional bureaucratic reform hub.

Moreover, SE KPRBN explained the fourth agenda, namely the Progress of Bureaucracy Simplification which aimed to accelerate the implementation of new work mechanisms as well as mapping and increase the competence of the state civil apparatus (ASN). Related to this, KPRBN would map the laws and regulations regarding the various functional positions that exist, as well as discuss the revision of Government Regulation Number 18 of 2016.

Currently, KPRBN was conducting a survey of ASN opinions regarding the government’s new working mechanism and flexible work arrangement with the target of developing a strategy for implementing the new work mechanism in accordance with Ministerial Regulation of PAN-RB Number 7 of 2022.

In addition, SE KPRBN explained that the target for simplifying the bureaucracy in local governments (Pemda) was targeting 498 regions. Based on data from the Directorate General of Regional Autonomy (Ditjen Otda) of the Ministry of Home Affairs, as of May 2022, it was known that all of the target areas currently had fulfilled the Public Service Obligation (PSO), 497 regions had fulfilled a series of equalization processes, and 497 regions had inaugurated official administration to functional officials.

Specifically, regarding the progress of equalizing functional positions in local governments, SE KPRBN said that there were around 148,256 target positions. From this target, so far, 126,288 administrative officials had been appointed as functional officials.

Finally, SE KPRBN reports on the fifth agenda, namely the Implementation of the Electronic-Based Government System (SPBE) which aimed to accelerate the development of SPBE in an integrated manner between government agencies. The target was the integration of the government’s internal service system and public services in one digital platform.

According to SE KPRBN, a study was currently being carried out on well-established regional and central SPBEs to be used as bureaucratic superApps platforms. In the future, KPRBN would cooperate with the National Single Window Institution (LNSW) to optimize the government’s single platform and digital system integration.

Responding to the SE KPRBN report, as revealed by the Spokesperson for the VP, Masduki Baidlowi, after the meeting, the VP specifically highlighted the issue of the budgeting system of ministries/agencies which was considered ineffective. For instance, the poverty alleviation budget which had been scattered across various ministries/agencies, had been used individually by them.

For this reason, the VP hoped that the KPRBN ranks could find a breakthrough so that the use of the poverty alleviation budget could be collaborated to make it more effective. According to him, if this collaborative work could be done, it would be easier to carry out poverty alleviation efforts. The budgets might also be more efficient because they were planned together.

In addition, on this occasion, the VP also highlighted the problems of planning and budgeting in the ministries/agencies which so far were considered spending-oriented only. So, he also asked KPRBN to find a solution to this problem, in terms of how to plan and utilize the state budget at the ministries/agencies to achieve the resulting benefit targets (outcomes).

Not only for poverty alleviation, the VP requested that the solution to the planning and budgeting problems also be applied to other fields as part of efforts to reform the bureaucracy.

Present to accompany the KPRBN Executive Secretary at this meeting were Expert Staff of the KPRBN Executive Secretary Zuliansyah Putra Zulkarnain, Gatot Prio Utomo, Indri Dwi Aprilianti, and Fadillah Putra.

Meanwhile, the VP was accompanied by the Head of the Vice President Secretariat Ahmad Erani Yustika, Deputy for Government Policy Support and National Outlook Velix Wanggai, Special Staff for the VP Masduki Baidlowi, Mohamad Nasir, and Acting Deputy for Administration Sapto Harjono Wahjoe Sedjati. (NN/DMA/LHS – BPMI, Setwapres)